- Here is how to choose the lawn tractor that is right for you
- What is your lawn like?
- What do you want your lawn tractor to do?
- How much money do you have to spend?
- How to compare lawn tractors
- Summing Up
- Buyer’s Checklist
- More guidance on buying lawn mowers
Here is how to choose the lawn tractor that is right for you
No wonder you are asking yourself “what kind of lawn tractor do I need?” There are hundreds of lawn tractor models on the market and the simple question that most people want the answer to is: which is the best one?
Surely, if I’m writing this epic post on the subject, I must know.
So, why don’t I just get it over with now and tell you? You can then go to the nearest dealer or jump online and order one and we can all go home happy.
Unfortunately, things are not that simple and here is why.
There is no such thing as the best lawn tractor … all there is, is the best lawn tractor for you.
You may think this is a statement of the obvious. In some ways it is, but it is also the most important piece of advice in this post.
I urge you to keep it in mind because the web is full of consumer reviews where people are complaining that the lawn tractor, the garden tractor or the riding lawn mower they bought doesn’t do what they want it to do. In many cases, this is because they didn’t properly think about what they would want the machine to do before they bought it.
The point is that all potential purchasers have different conditions, different budgets and different requirements of their machines. That is why there is such a bewildering array of machines on the market.
Manufacturers simply wouldn’t make so many differently configured models if the same basic machine would suit pretty much everybody.
Think how much more profitable it would be if they only needed one set of machine tools, one production line and the same basic parts for every model that was produced. It would probably also mean that prices would come down considerably too.
Unfortunately, as far as prices are concerned, but fortunately in every other way, the lawns and gardens of the world are as varied as the people who nurture them. So the tools that those people require have to meet that infinite variety of demands.
With all that in mind then, how do you go about working out what might be the best lawn tractor for you?
In my view, you need to ask yourself the following three fundamental questions:
- What is your lawn like?
- What do you want your lawn tractor to do?
- How much money do you have to spend?
What is your lawn like?
Different machines are better suited to different conditions. Therefore in looking for the best lawn tractors, you need to think about the specific conditions of your land. There are two principle factors to consider – size and terrain.
Size of lawn
Put simply, the bigger your lawn, the bigger (in terms of power and cutting width) your lawn tractor needs to be.
If you think about it, the main reason you are likely to want to use a lawn tractor is because of the size of the area you need to cut. Once you have a lawn beyond a certain size (which will vary according to individual tolerance), it will take you too long or it will be too physically demanding to cut your lawn with a walk behind mower, even a self-propelled one.
One of the ways the lawn tractor cuts the time involved in mowing is by having a significantly wider cutting deck than a walk behind mower. Therefore more ground is mown with each pass of the mower.
It follows, therefore, that the larger the area that needs to be mown, the wider the lawn tractor cutting deck needs to be in order to ensure that the job can be done in the shortest possible time.
Cub Cadet (at www.cubcadet.com) provides the following estimates to give you an idea of the potential time to be saved by choosing a wider cutting deck, based on mowing a 2 acre lawn:
|Size of Deck||Cutting Time||% Time Saved|
|42 inch (106cm)||2 hours||–|
|46 inch (117cm)||1 hour 48 mins||10%|
|50 inch (127cm)||1 hour 40 mins||17%|
|54 inch (137 cm)||1 hour 30 mins||24%|
But there is also a relationship between the size of the area concerned and engine power, mainly because the wider the cutting deck, the heavier it will be.
The following table provides a general guide to the appropriate engine and cutting deck sizes for particular land sizes.
Please note there is some overlap between the categories as there are no firm delineations. This is a general guide only and, as I point out below, there are a number of other factors that may mean that the guidelines don’t precisely apply.
As a general rule of thumb, the size of the engine will generally be related to deck size, as follows:
|Area||Deck Size||Engine Power|
|Half an acre to one acre|
(2023 m2 – 4046m2)
|38 to 42 inches (107cm)||12 to 17 horsepower|
|One to two acres |
(4046m2 – 8092m2)
|42 to 46 inches (107cm to 117cm)||15 to 24 horsepower|
|Two to three acres|
(8092m2 – 12138m2)
|46 to 48 inches (117 to 122cm||24 to 27 horsepower|
|More than 3 acres||more than 48 inches (122cm)||27+ horsepower|
So, the wider the cutting deck and the larger the area, the more powerful the lawn tractor will need to be in order to do the work involved in covering the ground with the mower deck over a prolonged period.
But the work that the lawn tractor has to do will be determined not only by the size of the area involved but by that area’s terrain as well. The best lawn tractors for some kinds of terrains may not be suited at all to other kinds of terrain.
By terrain, we are essentially talking about all the characteristics of the lawn, other than its size. You can determine the relevant characteristics of your terrain by asking the following questions:
- Is the ground flat or hilly?
- If it’s hilly, how hilly – what gradient are the slopes?
- Do you have rough terrain? Is the ground bumpy, rutted or otherwise uneven?
- Are there areas that are prone to being boggy?
- Is the grass often damp and/or particularly lush?
- Are there lots of obstacles to mow around, such as trees, rocks, flowers beds etc?
- Are there tight spaces or areas that require a tight turn?
These kinds of characteristics are going to have a big impact when it comes to working out which lawn tractor will be best for the conditions in question.
You therefore need to think very carefully about the extent to which the characteristics of your terrain are likely to affect the ability of a lawn tractor to cover the ground. In broad terms:
The more challenging the the terrain, the more powerful the lawn tractor will need to be and/or the more you are likely to need it to have special features.
Here are some examples:
If you have one and a half acres of sloping, boggy and uneven land, you are likely need a tractor with more power than if you have the same area of flat, unobstructed and well-drained land.
If the terrain is particularly testing, the best lawn tractor for the job may be a 4 wheel drive model.
If the grass is often damp and/or lush you may need a more powerful machine to cut it. You will also need to avoid getting a machine with the kind of bagging or collection system that can get blocked by cuttings from damp grass. A simple side discharge or mulching deck may be the answer in that case.
If you have a nice clear rectangle of open land, you may not need a machine with a particularly tight turning circle.
If you have a lot of obstacles and tight spaces, you may need a 4-wheel steer model or even a zero turn mower or lawn tractor.
What do you want your lawn tractor to do?
I suppose the real question here is – what, if anything, do you want your lawn tractor to do – apart from cut your lawn?
If the answer to that question is ‘nothing’, then it simplifies your choice. You then just need to choose from among the best lawn tractors, within you budget, that are suitable for your lawn’s size and terrain as discussed above.
If you think you might want your lawn tractor to do a bit more than just mow your lawn, it complicates things a bit, but also introduces lots of exciting options.
You should therefore think carefully about what other tasks you might need to use your lawn tractor for – both now and in the future. You then need to ensure that you choose a machine that is capable of doing what you want it to do now or what you might want it to do in due course.
To determine whether the lawn tractor can carry out other tasks, you have to consider:
- if it has been designed to be able to accommodate the appropriate attachments or accessories, e.g whether it has the right anchor points, power take off (PTO) shafts or towing hitch; and
- If it has the engine power and robustness to do the job in question.
Most reasonable sized lawn tractors with the correct fittings will be able to tow a fertiliser spreader or a cart full of logs or lawn clippings.
The real test comes when you want to carry out ‘ground engaging tasks’- like digging, plowing, snow removal, or moving soil or aggregates.
If you want to use the attachments necessary for that kind of work, you undoubtedly need to invest in the kind of lawn tractor that is made for the job – i.e. it has the power and robustness to perform those tasks comfortably.
Remember, you need your lawn tractor to last so you do not want to be pushing it beyond the limit of its capabilities week in week out.
How much money do you have to spend?
You could spend anything between $1000 – $10,000 or more on a riding mower or lawn/garden tractor and like most of the good things in life, the best models come at a price.
Generally, as engine size and mowing width increases, so do the prices charged. But there are other factors that affect price:
Where you buy – a dedicated dealer may be more expensive than Amazon or a discount DIY outlet. Then again, you are likely to get more personal attention, advice and additional services at the dedicated dealer.
Quality – some lawn tractors and some lawn tractor parts, especially engines and transmissions, are just better made than others and designed for longer life. Hydrostatic transmissions in particular may vary quite considerable in smoothness of operation and longevity.
Axles can also be a good indicator of quality. The better quality machines will often have cast iron or forged axles whilst lower budget machines may have steel, welded axles.
Reliability, parts and service – reliability will often come down to the overall build quality, which is likely to be reflected in price. Similarly it is often easier to obtain parts and service for the higher cost premium machines because it is more economically viable for the manufactures to maintain the appropriate infrastructure to support these services where the revenue generated from sales is greater.
How to compare lawn tractors
So, to summarise so far, choosing the best lawn tractors involves first of all assessing your own requirements and circumstances – your lawn, the tasks you want carried out and your budget.
If you don’t do this, you could end up with the equivalent of a Ferrari for doing the school run.
Only once you have done this, should you think about the different types and models of lawn tractors.
One of the difficulties for the buyer is that it is hard to pick out the important details from the avalanche of information that the manufacturers publish about their lawn tractors. You’ll see lots of exclusive features and detailed specifications and you’ll be invited to marvel at various proprietary trade-marked systems that will apparently change the face of lawn mowing as we know it.
What you might not see, however, as you try to compare lawn tractors, is the same degree of emphasis on a particular feature given by one manufacturer as is given by another. You may not even see the same words used to describe what is basically the same thing.
To help you cut through the the jargon and marketing speak, we set out below the main features you probably need to pay attention to. Note, the first sections all relate to gas powered lawn tractors, but there are details below about what to look out for in a battery powered electric lawn tractors.
Engines and Engine Power
The power that the engine delivers is measured in horse power (HP) or (Hp). The greater the horse power, the more powerful the engine. In broad terms lawn tractor engines may range from about 10hp to 30Hp plus.
The more powerful the engine, the more the lawn tractor can:
- Work on larger areas
- Cope with slopes, hills, uneven and unsound terrain
- Drive bigger cutting decks
- Use more attachments and, in particular, attachments that are ‘ground engaging’ e.g. diggers, plows etc.
A lawn tractor engine can vary considerably in design, type, price and quality.
There are a number of engine manufacturers that operate in this market, but probably the best know and most well regarded are Briggs and Stratton, Kohler, Tecumseh, Honda and Kawasaki.
Single cylinder engines
The smaller lawn tractors and riding mowers are generally equipped with a single cylinder air-cooled gasoline engine with a vertical crankshaft design.
An air-cooled engine relies upon the heat which the engine generates being dissipated through fins on the engine casing when air is blown across them by a fan. The vertical crankshaft generally means that the mower deck is directly driven by means of a belt.
Larger lawn tractors tend to have two or more cylinders with a horizontal crankshaft.
Multiple cylinders (especially where there are three cylinders) generally lead to smoother operation of the engine.
The horizontal crankshaft means there is a more direct mechanism to drive the tractor, and hence more power is delivered, but there is usually a more complex arrangement to drive the mower deck.
Multiple cylinder engines have more power than single cylinder ones but have more parts that can fail.
Liquid cooled engines
Large lawn and garden tractors are likely to have a liquid-cooled, multi-cylinder gasoline or diesel engine.
The liquid cooled engine has a pump which circulates water through the engine block and a separate radiator. The water is cooled as it passes through the radiator and circulated back through the lawn tractor engine.
This system is more expensive than air cooling but can lead to longer engine life by keeping engine temperatures more consistent.
Diesel engines may be more costly and are often noisier and dirtier than gasoline engines.
However, they can be more reliable and have a longer working life. Diesel fuel may also be available much more cheaply, especially where untaxed fuel is permitted for use off-road.
The diesel lawn tractor engine may therefore be the most economical, if available on the model that suits your circumstances.
A lawn tractor engine has to drive not only the wheels of the lawn tractor itself, but also the mower deck (and any other powered implements that may be attached to the tractor).
The mower deck has to run at a constant high speed in order to be able to cut grass efficiently. However, the lawn tractor itself has to be able to run at various speeds in order to be able to start, stop and manoeuvre in the ordinary way.
These different demands are accommodated by means of the Lawn tractor’s transmission. Therefore the transmission is one of the most important lawn tractor components.
There are generally three types of transmission used on lawn tractors.
This type of transmission provides the best means of lawn tractor control and allows infinite speed adjustment in moving forward and in reverse and generally makes for easier manoeuvering.
Hydrostatic transmission operates by means of a hydraulic pump linked to a hydraulic motor which drives the lawn tractor wheels. It is operated by hand levers or foot pedals.
The downside of hydrostatic transmission is that it is expensive – it increases the initial cost of the lawn tractor and leads to less fuel efficient operation – and it can be high maintenance, especially in keeping the system clean.
There’s more on how hydrostatic transmissions work in the video below.
A geared transmission on a lawn tractor is much like a manual transmission on a car. There may be a number of forward gears, together with a reverse gear.
The gears are operated by a lever and clutch mechanism – either a mechanical clutch or a belt system and are often combined with the axle into a ‘transaxle’.
Gear transmissions are usually reliable and efficient and are a relatively low cost option in terms of initial outlay and relevant replacement parts
This is the simplest and cheapest transmission system and is pretty effective on lower powered tractors.
Drive speed is controlled by a belt system between crankshaft and drive wheel mechanism. No separate clutch is needed.
The belts are adjusted by control levers operated by the driver so as to slow or increase the speed of the lawn tractor. Belt drives can be variable speed or fixed speed or associated with 2-5 gears.
Lawn tractors may have two wheel drive or 4 wheel drive, i.e. power is delivered from the engine via the transmission mechanism to turn the rear two wheels or all four wheels.
As with cars and other vehicles, greater stability and traction can be achieved with 4 wheel drive systems.
Battery Powered Lawn Tractors
Just as we’ve seen the rise in electric vehicles we are now seeing the rise in electric lawn tractors and electric ride-on mowers.
Obviously these working in a very different way to gas powered machines. Power is derived from a rechargeable battery (or batteries) and this electrical power is transmitted to the wheel drives and the cutting deck to power the operation of the machine.
There are many fewer moving parts than in a gas powered riding lawn mower and therefore less can go wrong. This means lower maintenance costs as well as lower running costs.
That said, the initial purchase price can be higher than the price of an equivalently sized gas powered lawn tractor or riding mower.
Like electric cars, battery powered lawn tractors are quieter and better for the environment. They also provide a smoother ride as there is less vibration from the engine and other moving parts.
But the single biggest thing to consider when considering buying a battery powered lawn tractor or riding mower is the battery.
You need to consider the type of battery. Is it a sealed lead acid battery, like the kind used in gas powered cars? Or is it a lithium ion battery of the kind used in most modern battery powered power equipment?
Lead acid batteries must be kept charged otherwise they suffer damage, which is not that convenient when you want to stop mowing for the winter. They are also difficult to handle and take out if necessary. What is more if they do become damaged and lose capacity, then that will affect how much you can mow on one charge.
Lithium ion batteries, don’t suffer with as many maintenance issues as lead acid batteries and can be allowed to discharge fully. Therefore, they are the preferable option.
However, lawn tractors with lithium ion batteries are generally more expensive.
You also need to be sure about the capacity of the battery to cover the lawn area you want to cover, having regard to the type of terrain. Alternatively, you need multiple batteries that you can keep on charge that you can swap over as you mow.
Most lawn tractors have front wheel steering, again like the typical car arrangement.
Some have power steering which means that the engine indirectly powers the steering, making it much lighter to operate.
Some lawn tractors have 4 wheel steering. This means all 4 wheels turn in response to a turn of the steering wheel. This enables the lawn tractor to turn more tightly than a standard two wheel steer model.
Cutting decks house the cutting blades. In most lawn and garden tractors they can be detached. With cutting decks, the points to look out for are:
- The type and quality of the material they are made from (e.g. steel, thickness of steel)
- The number of cutting blades (more blades means potentially more efficient cutting)
- Size, i.e. width of deck. Width of deck determines how wide a swathe of lawn can be cut in one pass of the tractor. The wider the deck, the less times the tractor has to go up and down the land and therefore the quicker the job can be done.
Most lawn tractors discharge the grass to the side of the cutting deck.
This means that the grass clippings are left on the lawn which can look untidy. If the clippings are to be directed to a collection bag, which may come as standard or as an optional extra, there may be a pipe or chute through which the clippings travel. With wet grass especially, this can sometimes get clogged.
As an alternative to side discharge, there are some rear discharge tractors. These discharge clippings behind the lawn tractor and, if linked to a collection system, may have less mechanism to get clogged up than the side discharge tractors.
You will also read that many lawn tractors have a mulching capacity. But what is mulch and what does mulching mean?
Mulch is basically any material laid on cultivated ground to help prevent weeds, to aid fertility, to help soil structure and/or to encourage moisture retention. There are therefore many different types of mulch, but grass clippings or shredded garden prunings are often used.
The mulching mower deck has blades that finely chop grass clippings into mulch, so that they can be deposited back onto the ground that has been mown.
This accomplishes several things:
- Firstly, the decomposed clippings can return nutrients to the soil and aid moisture retention.
- Secondly, there is no need to collect the clippings which, on large areas, is often impractical given the amount of clippings produced.
- Thirdly, the finely chopped mulch does not look untidy in the same way that un-mulched grass clippings can.
Some lawn tractors may have a dedicated mulching deck that has to be fitted to enable mulching to take place.
Other decks can be converted to a mulching deck by the addition of a plate to blank off the side or rear discharge outlet, thus retaining the clippings within the deck until they are finely chopped and deposited as the tractor moves on.
The other great advantage of mulching decks is that you can use your riding mower to easily clear and mulch up leaves in fall.
Even the cheapest riding mowers and lawn tractors represent a substantial purchase.
The top of the range models approach the price of a small car. It’s therefore vital that you research your choice thoroughly before buying.
If there is one message that I have for lawn tractor buyers it is this:
First and foremost work out what you need based upon you own personal requirements and the demands of the area you are going to be working on. By being very clear about this, you can narrow down your search pretty quickly and then focus on the finer specifications, prices and available offers for the relevant models.
Whether you approach the choice from the point of view of a gardener (like me) or from a more technical perspective, this approach should serve you well.
Ask yourself these questions about your own requirements:
- What size do I have to mow?
- What is the terrain like – hilly, boggy, flat, empty, full of obstacles, tight turns?
- How much do I have to spend?
- What, if anything, do I want the machine to do apart from mow the grass – pull carts, sprayers or spreaders, cultivate, dig, bulldoze?
Consider these features when comparing lawn tractors to buy
- Engine – power, manufacturer, number of cylinders, cooling system;
- Transmission – hydrostatic, geared, belts;
- Drive – 2 wheel, 4 wheel drive;
- Battery power – would you prefer an electric machine? If so, what kind of battery is fitted and what is its range?
- Steering – power steering, 2 wheel or 4 wheel steer, zero turn, zero turn with steering wheel or lap bars;
- Cutting Deck – width of deck, material made from, number of blades;
- Grass Discharge – side discharge, rear discharge, mulching;
- Attachments and accessories – availability and suitability for those you need.
Amazon best sellers
The mowers below are current Amazon best sellers. So these are worth considering given that the best sellers are almost exclusively those that have received a high number of good customer reviews.
- 24HP/726cc Kawasaki FR Series V-Twin OHV Engine
- Electric locking rear differential
- Tuff Torq K66 ELD Hydrostatic Transmission
- 54-Inch Fabricated (Welded) Steel ClearCut Deck
- Comfortable High-Back Seat
- 21.5HP/726cc Kawasaki FR Series V-Twin OHV Engine
- Auto-locking rear differential
- 42-Inch Fabricated (Welded) Steel ClearCut Deck
- Deck washout port and brushguard
- Oversized steering wheel and 15-inch high back seat
- 24 HP Kawasaki engine provides reliable startups and high ground speeds
- A patent-pending park brake system automatically activates or deactivates as the steering levers are moved outward or inward
- ClearCut deck offers a best-in-class 54 in. cut and better bagging thanks to its deep deck design, superior air flow and high-performance blades
- Clippings can be discharged, mulched or bagged with a 9-bushel triple bag collection system (mulching kit and bagger attachment sold separately)
- High-back seat with armrests, foam-padded hand grips and vibration dampeners make mowing comfortable for hours on end
- Installation of Automower 315X included via Husqvarna’s dealer network.
- Husqvarna Automower robotic lawn mower is ready to maintain small or medium-sized lawns up to 0.4 acres.
- Efficient battery-powered mower returns on its own to recharging station as needed.
- Robotic mower features unique cutting system that safely clips grass a little at a time for ideal turf health and appearance.
- Quick and easy adjustment of the cutting height from 0.8 to 2.4 inches.
- 4 inch deep fully fabricated with advanced airflow for an exceptional cutting performance
- The plush, high back seat featuring padded arm rests is adjustable from the operator position providing superior comfort while mowing
- Choose from 13 cutting positions, from 1-1/2 to 4-1/2 inch, in quarter-inch increments with just the turn of a dial
- Peak Power+ Technology combines the power of up to 6 EGO 56V ARC Lithium batteries
- Holds up to 6 batteries for maximum runtime (4 included)
- Power of gas with 22 HP equivalent engine
- Cuts up to 2-Acres on a single charge with the included 4 56V 10.0Ah ARC Lithium batteries
- World’s First Platform Compatible Rider – powered by all EGO 56V Arc LithiumTM batteries
- Kawasaki FR600 engine
- 42” cutting width
- 4” deep fully fabricated with advanced airflow for an exceptional cutting performance.
- Choose from 13 cutting positions, from 1½” to 4½”, in quarter-inch increments with just the turn of a dial.
Last update on 2023-02-14 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API
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Martin Cole has been an avid gardener for more than 20 years and loves to talk and write about gardening. In 2006 he was a finalist in the BBC Gardener of the Year competition.
He previously lived in London and Sydney, Australia, where he took a diploma course in Horticultural studies and is now based in North Berwick in Scotland. He founded GardeningStepbyStep.com in 2012. The website is aimed at everybody who has been bitten by the gardening bug and wants to know more.
Gardening Step by Step has been cited by Thompson and Morgan, the UK’s largest mail order plant retailer, as a website that publishes expert gardening content.
Check out my comprehensive step by step guide, with plain language explanations and ultra-useful images and illustrations. This is for you if you love dahlias and want to the best out of the dahlias you grow.